This paper will consider the distributional impact of climate change on developed and developing countries and, in particular, flag the potential for climate change policies to negate development objectives for the poorest countries. Developing countries, such as China, India, Brazil and Mexico, are essential participants to the success of any global campaign to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. It is in this context that future policies involving both mitigation and adaptive strategies must incorporate measures to assist with alleviating poverty and thus enhance the ability of developing countries address broader sustainability issues. The article concludes with some suggestions for managing the risks through institutional reform.
|© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH
|Issue 4/2009 (Dezember 2009)
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|Prof. Michael I. Jeffery
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Entwicklung eines sektoralen Ansatzes zum Aufbau von nachhaltigen Abfallwirtschaftssystemen in Entwicklungsländern vor dem Hintergrund von Klimawandel und Ressourcenverknappung
© Eigenbeiträge der Autoren (8/2012)
Der Aufbau von Abfallwirtschaftssystemen steckt in den meisten Entwicklungs- (EL), Transformations- (TL) und Schwellenländern (SL) noch immer in den Anfängen. Obwohl bereits etwa seit den 70er Jahren die internationalen Geber Anstrengungen zur Entwicklung umweltverträglicher Entsorgungssysteme in den EL unternommen haben, sind die erreichten Ergebnisse bisher eher ernüchternd.
The Eco-Patent Commons and Environmental Technology Transfer: Implications for Efforts to Tackle Climate Change
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (4/2010)
This article explores the potential role and pitfalls of corporate initiatives related to access to intellectual property in the transfer of environmentally friendly technology especially to developing countries. An initial investigation of how patents can affect environmentally beneficial technology transfer is forwarded, contrasting the approaches of the public and private sector in the encouragement of environmentally beneficial technology transfer. A wide variety of potential influences are analyzed, with specific focus being placed on the eco-patent commons project, the international encouragement of clean technologies, patent pools, open source systems, and enabled invention disclosures. This is analyzed in the context of the quest to encourage climate-friendly technologies.
Protectionism under a Green Label: Analysis in Light of the Waxman-Markey Climate Change Bill of 2009
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (4/2010)
This research article analyzes and evaluates the key provisions of the Waxman-Markey Climate Change Bill, which was introduced to establish an aggressive cap-and-trade programme aimed at promoting renewable energy, energy efficiency, and reducing global warming pollution. However, the bill became controversial and was opposed by various countries as the provisions of the bill are against rules of the WTO. Developing countries are viewing it as an attempt to extra-territorially enforce carbon emission standards on their products and production processes, even when the latter do not have the financial capacity nor technology to effectively adopt and comply with such standards. The bill was proposed while the entire world was facing a financial crisis and the protectionism measures in the bill may further deepen the crisis. The paper ends with the conclusion that the present bill is insufficient as to control of carbon emissions, given its nature, until 2026 and it creates a volatile carbon market dominated by short-term financial gain incentives.
bifa-Text Nr. 45: Anpassung an den Klimawandel: eine Befragung oberbayerischer Unternehmen
© bifa Umweltinstitut GmbH (3/2010)
Das bifa Umweltinstitut untersuchte, in welchem Umfang sich oberbayerische Unternehmen vom Klimawandel betroffen fühlen, welche Aspekte dabei eine Rolle spielen und ob die Anpassung an die unvermeidbaren Folgen ein Thema ist.
Identifying Countries that are Particularly Vulnerable to the Adverse Effects of Climate Change: An Academic or a Political Challenge?
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (10/2009)
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) commits developed countries “to assist developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change in meeting costs of adaptation to those adverse effects” (Article 4.4). Ever since the Convention was agreed in 1992, the question has arisen of what it means to be “particularly vulnerable”, and how it is decided which countries fall into this category.