A Common Framework for Assessing Life Cycle Impacts of Food Waste Prevention, Valorisation & Treatment

The European Waste Framework Directive 2008/98 EC mandates that member states should take measures to encourage waste prevention and management options which deliver the best overall environmental outcome from a life cycle perspective, even if these differ from the waste hierarchy. Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a well-established tool to compare and evaluate such environmental life cycle impacts of food (waste) systems. However, as a tool, LCA leaves a lot of freedom to the assessor to determine key aspects. Notable aspects can be found mainly as part of the goals and scope definition, such as the functional unit, the system boundaries or the handling of multiple outputs. This influences the outcome of the assessments.

A literature review showed that there is a gap between existing guidance on performing life cycle assessments (LCAs) and methodology actually applied in food waste related LCA case studies. In order to bridge this gap a common framework will be developed as part of the REFRESH project. The piece of work presented in this paper focuses on defining REFRESH Situations; these are clearly described circumstances that should help the LCA assessor of food waste related studies to identify more easily what type of situation he assesses. There are four REFRESH Situations: prevention at source, co-product valorisation, valorisation as part of waste management and end of life treatment. They have in common that they can take place at any point/process in the life cycle, take place within the remit of any stakeholder and should accommodate all final destinations.

Using these REFRESH situations as part of a wider methodological framework will support assessors to examine the system under investigation in more detail and will help making decision making more transparent.

Copyright: © Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben
Quelle: Recy & Depotech 2016 (November 2016)
Seiten: 4
Preis inkl. MwSt.: € 2,00
Autor: Dr. Nicole Unger
Jennifer Davis
Karin Östergren
Marion Loubiere

Artikel weiterleiten In den Warenkorb legen Artikel kommentieren

Diese Fachartikel könnten Sie auch interessieren:

Auswirkungen des Covid-19-Ausnahmezustandes auf die Klärschlammentsorgung
© Springer Vieweg | Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH (12/2020)
Die Klärschlammentsorgung befindet sich im Umbruch. Tiefgreifende Veränderungen der rechtlichen Rahmenbedingungen haben in den vergangenen Jahren einen Planungsboom für Monoverbrennungsanlagen ausgelöst. Wie nahezu alle Wirtschaftsbereiche ist auch dieser Sektor vom Covid-19-Ausnahmezustand betroffen. Projekte im Bau müssen sich mit den Auswirkungen der Pandemie ebenso auseinandersetzen wie bereits realisierte oder noch in Planung befindliche Projekte.

The new Waste Framework Directive and its impact on textile waste
© Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben (11/2020)
In the course of implementing the circular economy package of the European Union, the Waste Framework Directive was amended recently. Textiles are no longer the poor relation of waste management but have come to the fore.

Reporting of food waste in the EU – Results of current estimates in Germany
© Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben (11/2020)
In February 2019, the German Federal Cabinet adopted the 'National Strategy for Reducing Food Waste', setting a framework for the future direction of this initiative. Among other things, it stipulated that an inter-ministerial "Indicator 12.3 Working Group" should prepare the data bases and methods for nationwide balancing of food waste generation (baseline). Based on existing 2015 data, this status quo analysis will be used as a starting point to agree on milestones for the respective sectors.

Packaging recycling in EU member states – requirements from the circular economy package
© Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben (11/2020)
The EU has established concrete recycling targets for packaging waste for 2025 and 2030. Furthermore, the methodology for calculating the corresponding recycling rates has been amended. The new and stricter calculation methodology will potentially lead to decreases of the current rates. This will be particularly the case for plastic packaging, where denkstatt calculated a gap far above 10 % compared to smaller decreases (> 2 %) to be expected for glass or steel packaging.

Circular economy from an SDG perspective: A multi-stakeholder process for developing policy options
© Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben (11/2020)
Based on a longitudinal case study (the UniNEtZ project in Austria), which includes a multi-stakeholder involvement, we investigate the process of developing CE policies for the Austrian Federal Government from an SDG perspective. Within this context, the main research question is how multi-stakeholder processes can enable the development of CE policy options. The study thus contributes to providing a structured approach of how different stake-holders from academia, industry, research funding agencies and government collaborate, how knowledge is created and transferred within this multi-stakeholder process, and what outputs, outcomes and impacts can be realized at the national level in the context of developing CE policies using an SDG framework.



 Angemeldet bleiben

Passwort vergessen?

Der ASK Wissenspool
Mit Klick auf die jüngste Ausgabe des Content -Partners zeigt sich das gesamte Angebot des Partners

Selbst Partner werden?
Dann interessiert Sie sicher das ASK win - win Prinzip:
ASK stellt kostenlos die Abwicklungs- und Marketingplattform - die Partner stellen den Content.
Umsätze werden im Verhältnis 30 zu 70 (70% für den Content Partner) geteilt.

Neu in ASK? Dann gleich registrieren und Vorteile nutzen...