Effect of Organic Carbon in MSWI Bottom Ash on the Mobilization of Heavy Metals

Nowadays municipal solid waste incinerators (MSWI) are playing a major role in waste Management activities. Especially in Switzerland, where the morphology of the country is quite disadvantageous, burning the municipal waste material seems to be the most favorable way to handle These types of waste.

Bottom ash from municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) is composed of inorganic and organic material. The organic part (TOC) may favor the mobility of pollutants after deposition, when organic carbon is mobilized as dissolved organic carbon (DOC). Therefore threshold values and methods for the determination for TOC are given in Switzerland (VVEA) and in the EU (EN 13137: CEN, 2001), respectively. Most standard methods for the Determination of TOC are based on the oxidation of carbon by heating, which includes organic (OC) and elemental carbon (EC). But only carbon that is assimilable (ROC) is transposed to its soluble form, as DOC. Dissolved organic compounds are known to form OC-metal complexes, which leads to mobilization of these metals in the leachates. Copper is known to build preferentially complexes with organic acids but the extent is pH-dependent, which is also a consequence of carbonation/aging of the BA. The presented study shows the differences in composition of bottom ash from 4 MSWI plants of different age (from 1 to 40 years) and their effect on the metal concentration in leachates from laboratory extraction experiments. As already shown in leachates from old deposits containing bottom ash compartments a general trend of DOC to heavy metal release is expected, where as the dependence on the ROC content in the bottom ash has not been investigated so far.



Copyright: © Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben
Quelle: Recy & Depotech 2016 (November 2016)
Seiten: 4
Preis inkl. MwSt.: € 2,00
Autor: Ruggero Maria Cavallino
Urs Eggenberger
Gisela Weibel

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