Design of MBT plants - a strategy for international markets

Many of the EU Member States, especially the so-called new member states, have a shortage of waste treatment capacity. This means there is a need for treatment plants in the near future. We have developed a modular approach to design the general layout of waste treatment plants quickly. The modular approach allows the choice of different options and the comparison between different plant designs with regard to their main processes, mass flow as well as a broad estimate of capital expenditures and the energy consumption and production, respectively. The model and its background are presented in this paper.

Situation of waste treatment in Europe
The member states of the EU are obliged to reduce the amount of biodegradable municipal waste landfilled, according to the requirements of the COUNCIL DIRECTIVE 1999/31/EC on the landfill of waste (NN, 1999). The following targets, according to Article 5, 1999/31/EC, have to be achieved:
Reduction of the total amount of biodegradable municipal waste going to landfill
 
• to 75 % of the total amount generated in 1995 by 2006 (2010)
• to 50 % of 1995 levels by 2009 (2013)
• to 35 % of 1995 levels by 2016 (2020)
 
Member States who have landfilled more than 80 % of their municipal waste in 1995 have been granted an extension of the time limits not exceeding four years (cf. figures in brackets). The following figure shows the types of waste treatment practiced in the EU Member States. It can be clearly seen that more than half of the Member States dispose, or rather landfill, the majority of their waste. Therefore, most of the countries still require waste treatment facilities in order to meet the requirements of the Landfill Directive and to divert waste from landfills, especially the biodegradable waste fraction.



Copyright: © Arbeitsgemeinschaft Stoffspezifische Abfallbehandlung ASA e.V.
Quelle: 9. Recyclingtage 2012 (September 2012)
Seiten: 12
Preis: € 6,00
Autor: Dr.-Ing. Iris Steinberg

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