Carbon Market Opportunities in Southern Mediterranean Countries

To date, Southern Mediterranean countries have hosted a limited number of projects under the Clean Development Mechanism. This study examines existing and emerging activities in Southern Mediterranean countries that could fit into new market-based mechanisms.

There are three challenges facing middle-income countries – not specific to Southern Mediterranean countries – in relation to capturing the carbon market opportunities created by the European Union (EU) on the horizon: the limited size of future demand for carbon offsets or credits, quantitative and qualitative restrictions on the use of certified emission reductions (CERs) in the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) Phase III (2013–2020) and the lack of prompt preparation for the start of new market-based mechanisms. These challenges are not mutually exclusive, but are related to one another. Uncertainty about a future international agreement exists on both the demand and supply side.
In Section II, this article gives an overview of the mitigation potential in Southern Mediterranean countries, highlighting vast opportunities to reduce energy-related greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the energy sector. Section III describes the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) as a tool to tap into the mitigation potential and examines these countries’ achievements, opportunities and challenges of CDM projects. Section IV explores options for new market-based mechanisms with reference to existing and emerging activities in the region. The section also delves into the uncertainty about the readiness of new market-based mechanisms that could be linked to nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs), which could include Programme of Activities (PoA) as well as sectoral crediting or trading. Section V gives concluding remarks.
The study has involved the review of data on CDM projects in Southern Mediterranean countries (or the MED-11) except Palestine and Turkey, hereafter referred to as the MED-9. The nine countries (i.e. Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Syria and Tunisia) are non-Annex I Parties under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and are eligible for hosting CDM projects under the Kyoto Protocol. As the overall level of CDM project activities in the MED-9 is very low but the market potential is high, the study concentrates on a few programme/project activities in the electricity sector that could incentivise private sector investments.



Copyright: © Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH
Quelle: Issue 4/2012 (Dezember 2012)
Seiten: 12
Preis inkl. MwSt.: € 41,65
Autor: Noriko Fujiwara
Monica Alessi
Anton Georgiev

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