|How Can China and India Serve as Models for Developing Nations Striving to Build Absorption Capacity for Renewable Energy Technologies?
Jennifer F. Sklarew
This article proposes that globalization has changed the framework of absorption capacity. Firms able to tap foreign expertise to develop their knowledge base can apply it to the three traditional absorption capacity factors: R&D, manufacturing, and technical training. Chinese and Indian firms have quietly become global leaders in wind energy production by tapping global and regional learning networks to enhance their absorptive capacity for wind technologies.
|Social Inclusion, Environmental Sustainability, and Brazilâ€™s National Biodiesel Production and Use Policy: The Critical Case of Agropalma
Ph.D. Mark S. Langevin
This article examines Brazilâ€™s National Biodiesel Production and Use Policy and its goals of social inclusion and environmental sustainability. This examination explores this transformative development policy through a case study of Agropalma, one of Brazilâ€™s first biodiesel producers and the largest producer of palm oil in the country. Agropalmaâ€™s location in the Amazon and its demonstrated commitment to social inclusion and environmental sustainability make it a critical case for evaluating this ambitious development and renewable transportation fuel policy.
|A Proposal for a Clean Technology Directive: European Patent Law and Climate Change
This article charts the conflicted, dissonant policies of the European Union towards intellectual property and climate change. It contends that there is a mismatch between the empirical work of the European Patent Office and the quietist policy options contemplated by the European Union. This article contends that the European Union needs to develop a Clean Technology Directive to allow for a differentiated approach to patent law and clean technologies â€“ especially given the past complicity of the European Union in global warming and climate change.
|Bioenergy Systems Sustainability Assessment and Management
Dr. William H.L. Stafford, Alan Brent
Bioenergy is a renewable energy that can potentially contribute to a wider range of economic, social, and environmental objectives, and facilitate sustainable development. The assessment, management and monitoring of the various bioenergy development options are complex in nature and deliver varying benefits; depending on the appropriateness of the implementation, management structure as well as the degree of uptake and adoption.
|Development of Bioenergy Projects in Asia â€“ Feedstock Supply and Project Delivery Issues
In both developed and developing countries, there is a constant demand for energy. An ideal energy source is a range of biomass resources such as landfill waste, industrial waste, animal waste, sewage, bagasse, energy crops, such as starch crops (e.g. wheat and corn), oil crops (e.g. palm oil and sunflower) and coppice (e.g. eucalyptus). These biomass resources can meet growing energy needs and assist in the reduction of greenhouse emissions caused by conventional coal fired power stations. Biomass can be used as co-firing in large scale coal power plants, or used in dedicated combined heat and power plants (both systems produce lower emissions than coal-only systems). Biomass can also be used to produce biogas, a mixture of gases including methane and hydrogen that can be used to fuel bioenergy plants.