- A Success Story â€“ The German Renewable Energy Act Turns Ten
- Wind Theft, Spatial Planning and International Relations
- Bioenergy in Developing Countries: Potential and Risks
|The Role of Renewables in the Interaction between Climate Change Policy and Energy Security in Europe|
After decades of hesitation, there is now growing concensus among European Union (EU) member states that European energy policy objectives can best be achieved at the EUlevel, with climate change policy already having led to a degree of energy policy harmonisation at the expense of member state autonomy.
|Regulating Renewable Energy in the European Union|
Renewables are a key part of the EU 20-20-20 strategy and the EU energy and climate change policy as a whole. The European Commission adopted its Europe 20-20 strategy for a green, competitive and innovative Europe as the overarching policy framework for the Commission in the decade to come. Energy features prominently at the level of the new headline targets. The Commission is committed to ensure that its ambitious targets are achieved.
|Bioenergy in Developing Countries: Potential and Risks|
Richard L. Ottinger, Steven E. Miller
Bioenergy has received much attention for its potential to meet growing energy demands and mitigate climate change, poverty and the worldâ€™s dependence on expensive, diminishing and insecure imported oil supplies. However, with these potential benefits come many potential environmental problems. The benefits, problems and environmental risks associated with bioenergy are most evident in developing countries. These countries also are more vulnerable to food shortages and environmental impacts, including climate change.
|The Consistency of the European Union Renewable Energy Directive with World Trade Organization Agreements: The Case of Biofuels|
Professor Andrew Mitchell, Christopher Tran
This article examines the consistency of the European Union Renewable Energy Directive with World Trade Organization Agreements, focusing on the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994 (GATT) and the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT Agreement). This article reaches two conclusions: (i) the EU Renewable Energy Directive is prima facie inconsistent with the EUâ€™s obligations under the GATT and, (ii) to the extent that the Directive falls within the scope of the TBT Agreement, it is also inconsistent with that agreement.
|A Success Story â€“ The German Renewable Energy Act Turns Ten|
Dr. Volker Oschmann
In its first ten years, the German Renewable Energy Act (the Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetz or EEG) has triggered an unprecedented growth in renewable energy in the electricity sector. This feed-in law complements the emissions trading scheme, and is making a significant contribution towards achieving Germanyâ€™s target of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 40 % from 1990 levels by 2020.
|Will a Feed-in Tariff Law Promote the Development of Bioenergy in Germany without Compromising the â€śGreennessâ€ť of Biogas?|
Rechtsanwalt Dr. Martin Altrock
In Germany the feed-in of biogas to the natural gas grid falls under the legal framework for the support of renewable energy in general. The laws and regulations of this framework, however, are scattered over a number of statutes and ordinances and the support system itself operates on a sector-specific basis. This article examines the potential of a biogas feed-in law to offer greater support and to increase the share of biogas in the natural gas market. What are the obstacles to the successful introduction and implementation of such a law?
|Wind Theft, Spatial Planning and International Relations|
Dr. Dan van der Horst, Dr. Saskia Vermeylen
The evolution of renewable energy technologies and the rapid growth in renewable energy facilities are giving rise to a growing number of actual and potential conflicts. This paper explores one particular area of conflict: the access to the resource itself.
|Renewable Energy Policy in an Oil-Exporting Country: The Case of the United Arab Emirates|
Nazli Choucri, Daniel Goldsmith, Professor Toufic Mezher
It is unusual for a major oil-exporting country to commit to the development of renewable energy. It is even more unusual for such a country to design a policy trajectory or to formulate specific targets. This paper examines one such case, namely that of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) in the Gulf region of the Middle East.
|Policy Pathways: Transitioning to Sustainable Power Generation in Saskatchewan|
Margot Hurlbert, Kathleen McNutt, Jeremy Rayner
This paper reviews power generation law and policy in Saskatchewan, Canada, over the last century to the present as a key component of a socio-technical regime using the theory of transition management. Understanding the legacy of law and policy is important given sustainability concerns and the realization that significant changes will be required in trajectories of development that put less strain on natural capital and ecosystem services. This issue is especially germane as Saskatchewan considers the addition of nuclear power generation into its predominately coal-powered portfolio.
|Financing Renewable Energy Projects in Asia: Barriers and Solutions|
Paul Curnow, Lachlan Tait, Ilona Millar
With abundant supplies of a range of renewable energy resources, world-leading technology developers and manufacturers and an increasingly favourable regulatory climate in many jurisdictions, Asia has become a focal point for new renewable energy developments and investments.