- Mechanisms for Driving Sustainability of Biofuels in Developing Countries
- Leadership Challenges: Biofuels and the 2009 Brazilian National Climate Change Policy Act
|The Future of the European Electricity Supply: Moving from Energy-Mix Projections to Renewables-Based Scenarios|
Julia Hertin, Dr. Christian Hey, Franz Ecker
Despite the disappointing outcome of the Copenhagen Climate Conference, the EU is working on a roadmap towards a low-carbon economy by 2050. Ambitious long-term emissions targets can only be achieved if the power sector becomes carbon-neutral. How to achieve a transition to a decarbonised electricity supply is controversial and the subject of much research.
|The Role of Renewable Energy in German Climate Change Policy|
Michael T. Hatch
Germany has been a leader in regional and international efforts to address climate change. Renewable energy has assumed a central role in national efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This article analyzes the various policy instruments that have helped Germany become the world‚Äôs largest producer of renewable energy, most importantly the Electricity Feed-In Act and Renewable Energy Sources Act.
|Too Close for Comfort: Social Controversies Surrounding Wind Farm Noise Setback Policies in Ontario|
Stephen D. Hill, James D. Knott
This paper examines the policies, regulations and social controversies surrounding wind farm noise in Ontario. Through a case study of Ontario‚Äôs wind power regulatory and policy development, we ask how and why noise became a controversy for wind development.
|EU Technology Strategy on Bioenergy: From Blue-Sky Research to Targeted Technology Development|
Dr. Kyriakos Maniatis, Dr. Stefan Tostmann
This article presents the main objectives and aims of the EU policy on energy from biomass resources and the European Industrial Bioenergy Initiative (EIBI), the central technology vehicle for achieving the bioenergy targets of the European Union by 2020 and beyond. The article focuses on the leading role of the biomass industry in providing the deployment of the necessary technologies and the instruments provided by the Strategic Energy Technology (SET)-Plan.
|Mitigating Climate Change by Using Horse Manure as an Energy Source in Finland|
Eeva-Maija Puheloinen, Professor of Environmental and Energy Law Ari Ekroos
Using horse manure and bedding material as an energy source is an option that deserves consideration in the context of the EU objectives for increasing the use of energy from renewable sources and mitigating climate change.
|Leadership Challenges: Biofuels and the 2009 Brazilian National Climate Change Policy Act|
R√īmulo Silveira da Rocha Sampaio
Brazil has been a world leader in promoting biofuels since the 1970s and throughout the 1980s, reacting at the time to high petroleum prices. During the first decade of the 21st century, with oil prices skyrocketing once again and a strong international consensus about the causes of global warming, biofuels policies in Brazil constitute a viable climate change mitigation tool.
|Mechanisms for Driving Sustainability of Biofuels in Developing Countries|
Jennifer A. Harrison, Graham P. von Maltitz, Lorren Haywood, Rocio A. Diaz-Chavez, Annie Sugrue
The mandatory biofuel blending targets of the European Union (EU) have been influential in the establishment of a global biofuels market, as they are likely to be achieved through importation from areas with high potential for biofuel expansion, predominately parts of Africa, Latin America and Asia. Prospects of economic and rural development, fuel self-sufficiency and improved balance of trade, rather than climate change mitigation, typically attract these countries to biofuel production, despite the potential for extensive socio-economic and environmental impacts.