There is a fierce debate ongoing about future recycling targets for municipal solid waste (MSW) at the European level. The old linear concept of waste management is being changed into a circular economy. Since the separation yield and post-recycling MSW (later on residual solid waste, RSW) production have an opposite relationship, assuming the constant production of particular components (paper, plastics etc.), lower RSW rates are also expected. This is having a negative effect on Waste-to-energy (WtE); especially in terms of its future optimum capacity in particular countries.
In general, the system represents an original approach for the early investment planning of any project in waste management and evaluating its reliability at various levels. This tool was first introduced by Šomplák et al. and it is based on a comprehensive logistic mathematical problem which minimizes the total cost combined with an extensive techno-economic analysis. Initially, it was mainly devoted to WtE plants and their competing technologies – landfill sites and mechanical-biological treatment plants producing refuse-derived fuel. In other words, for processing RSW. However, the approach is not limited to only this technology at present.
|Copyright:||© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft|
|Quelle:||Waste Management, Volume 6 (September 2016)|
|Autor:||Dr. Martin Pavlas |
Professor Dr.-Ing. habil. Dr. h. c. Petr Stehlik
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