National Waste Policy in Brazil: its repercussion after 4 years

After 20 years, in 2010, was published the national waste policy that was based on principles found in Europe and Germany, as well as the hierarchy of procedures concerning sustainable solution for the problems associated with the waste management, focusing the resources preservation and climate protection. After 4 years publication we can observe a slowly movement, slowly doesn’t mean small when we consider the giant waste market that Brazil represents, expecting for 2016 around 15 billion euros turn over in waste management where 80 % is done by private sector. Although the good news, Brazil still have 42 % of waste final disposal being done at wild landfill and their remediation represents also an interesting market. To change traditional practices we Need to open a multidisciplinary discussion integrating multiple market segments to enable the design of tools for the implementation of sustainable management of municipal solid waste.

The amount of solid waste produced by populations is not only related to the level ofwealth reflected in the economic ability to consume, but also to the values and habits of life, determining the degree of disposition for the realization of consumption. Prior to the concern about the proper disposal of waste, in order to reduce damaging effects of improper disposal or for desirable reuse, recycling, composting and energy recovery, every effort should be put into actions for not producing waste. The background of the waste recovered is based on: The increment of global GDP, resulting in higher consumption and greater demand for food. The increase in demand for fossil fuels, primary resources, expanding the use of elements from the periodic chain. The increase in emissions of greenhouse gases. Landfills contribute significantly: they represent 8 to 12% of the entropic emissions. The emissions (liquid and gaseous) in the landfills are active during 30 to 50years. The increase on the price of secondary resources, as well as in the price of energy and the demand for compost, are also motivations for waste recovery. Directly connected with Brazil, we have also the dependence of our energy matrixon climate change. The compulsory application of technologies promoted by legal frameworks result in the rationalization of costs.To change traditional practices, we need to open a multidisciplinary discussion, integratethe multiple market segments to enable the design of those for the implementationof sustainable management of municipal solid waste (MSW). The discussions range from technologies in the form of fermentation, composting, recycling, energy recovery, to the supply of information, advise on the introduction of a sustainable waste managementand also engineering and scientific content, as well as relevant aspects for implementationof projects, such as financing, environmental licensing, monitoring and other aspects of the market.

Copyright: © Wasteconsult International
Quelle: Waste-to-Resources 2015 (Mai 2015)
Seiten: 7
Preis inkl. MwSt.: € 3,50
Autor: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Klaus Fricke
Christiane Pereira

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