This article explores the background to the Energiewende in Germany and recent developments. Specifically, it examines the ongoing politics of this commitment to phase-out nuclear power, reduce fossil fuel use and ensure continued economic growth. Distinctions between the German Energiewende and energy transitions in other countries are drawn, the actions undertaken and the forms of governance and politics shaping them outlined. While Germany is a leader in renewable energy, and the broad societal consensus against nuclear power is uniquely German, political and societal conflicts of a more general nature are emerging. Other countries follow closely developments occuring in Germany and may learn from the German experience. The key objective of this article is thus to draw attention to the politics of the Energiewende in Germany and the key debates and difficult decisions emerging.
|Copyright:||© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH|
|Quelle:||Issue 01/2013 (April 2013)|
|Preis inkl. MwSt.:||€ 41,65|
|Autor:||Dr. Ross Beveridge |
Prof. Dr. Kristine Kern
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Voll unter Strom: Bis 2050 Versorgung durch Erneuerbare Energien möglich – vielleicht:
© Deutscher Fachverlag (DFV) (8/2010)
Die Europäische Klimastiftung (ECF) hat eine von McKinsey erstellte Studie zur Stromversorgung der Zukunft veröffentlicht.
A Success Story – The German Renewable Energy Act Turns Ten
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (7/2010)
In its first ten years, the German Renewable Energy Act (the Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetz or EEG) has triggered an unprecedented growth in renewable energy in the electricity sector. This feed-in law complements the emissions trading scheme, and is making a significant contribution towards achieving Germany’s target of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 40 % from 1990 levels by 2020.
EEG-Novelle auf dem Prüfstand
© ANS e.V. HAWK (10/2014)
Der folgende Vortrag beschäftigt sich mit der Fragestellung, in wie weit das am 01.08.2014 in Kraft getretene EEG 2014 verfassungsrechtlich zu beanstanden ist. Dabei werden folgende Schwerpunkte gesetzt: das zügige Inkrafttreten sowie zu kurz bemessene Übergangsfristen des EEG 2014, die Begrenzung der förderfähigen Strommenge bei bestehenden Biogasanlagen und die Einbeziehung der Eigenversorgung in die EEG-Umlage.
The New Planning Regime for the Expansion of the German Onshore Electricity Grid – a Role Model for Europe?
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (4/2013)
Since Summer 2011, a new planning regime governs the expansion of the German onshore electricity grid. Its aim is to accelerate the installation and operation of electricity transmission cables in order to bring the nationally proclaimed “energy transition” forward. To this end, a complex new four-tiered planning regime has been adopted, which endows extensive responsibility for planning and implementing the development of the national electricity grid to a federal authority. To some extent, with this new regime, the German legislator implemented ahead of time a number of planning law requirements which are binding for all EU Member States on the basis of the newly adopted EU-Regulation No. 347/2013. Hence, Germany’s new planning regime for the expansion of its electricity grid could potentially provide a role model for transposing the new EU regulation, and, as such, possibly be of interest to other EU Member States’ legislators. This article presents an overview of the new German onshore planning regime along with an initial evaluation and outlines the new EU Regulation No. 347/2013, followed by a discussion as to whether the German regime could be a role model for other EU Member States currently deciding how to achieve the desired acceleration effects.
Efficiency and Public Acceptance of European Grid Expansion Projects: Lessons Learned across Europe
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (4/2013)
The adoption of the European Union’s target to increase the share of energy from renewable sources to 20 % requires a substantial modernisation and rebuilding of the electricity grid. Current grid projects are often delayed for a variety of reasons, such as the inefficiency of permitting procedures or local opposition. In fall 2011, the European Commission proposed a regulation which aims at enhancing the necessary grid expansion. The legislation was adopted by the European Parliament and the Council in April and came into force on 15 May 2013. Among other considerations, the legislation aims at tackling the aforementioned challenges by making permitting procedures more efficient and implementing measures to increase the acceptance of new power-lines. However, questions remain about the quality and quantity of the proposed provisions designed to overcome all details of the identified problems. It will depend on the implementation of this legislation both on the European and on local level whether the new provisions will prove to be successful in terms of increased procedure efficiency and decreased public opposition. EU institutions, national governments, and competent public authorities should be aware of the area of conflict between improved procedure efficiency and increased public acceptance.