Gesetzliche Grundlagen für die Kreislauf- und Wertstoffwirtschaft
Derzeit wird das Kreislaufwirtschafts- und Abfallgesetz aufgrund europäischer Vorgaben zu einem Kreislaufwirtschaftsgesetz novelliert. Der Schutz von Klima und Ressourcen wird hierbei insbesondere aufgrund der 5-stufigen Abfallhierarchie (1. Vermeidung, 2. Vorbereitung zur Wiederverwendung, 3. Recycling (stoffliche Verwertung von Abfällen), 4. sonstige Verwertung (z. B. energetisch), 5. Beseitigung) in den Mittelpunkt gestellt.
|Copyright:||© Witzenhausen-Institut für Abfall, Umwelt und Energie GmbH|
|Quelle:||24. Kasseler Abfall- und Bioenergieforum - 2012 (April 2012)|
|Autor:||Prof. Dr.-Ing. Rüdiger Ulrich Siechau |
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Optimisation of the aerobic maturation process of the MSW digestate on Montpellier ametyst plant
© European Compost Network ECN e.V. (6/2012)
Due to an increasing environmental pressure affecting regulation of waste treatment in developed countries, new solutions of collection, specific treatment and recycling of organic waste appear in many countries in order to lower the quantities of organic waste that directly sent towards land filling or incineration. The growing scarcity and increasing price of fossil energy leads towards the more and more systematic integration of an anaerobic digestion stage in the biological treatment of bio waste or mixed waste. Further Authors: O. Garone - Suez Environnement, CIRSEE, France A. Sommain - Ametyst, SITA Méditerranée, France
Future Development of Waste Management in China According to the 13th Five-Year Plan
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (9/2016)
Municipal solid waste (MSW) known as trash or garbage consists of food waste, paper, cardboard, plastics, PET, glass, textiles, metals, wood and leather, nappies, slug, ash, etc. are arising from human and animal activities. The rapid development and urbanization of China have resulted in an increasing volume of MSW. So the problem of MSW management has become a major social problem, but one the other hand, because of their intrinsic properties, MSW are often reusable and may be considered a resource for energy recovery. The delivering quantity of household waste averages 179 million tons in China, and the amount of untreated MSW over the years has reached 7 billion tons.
bifa-Text Nr. 65: Eigenverwertung von Bioabfällen - Eigenkompostierung, Eigendeponierung, illegale Eigenentsorgung
© bifa Umweltinstitut GmbH (12/2015)
Finep and its role in Urban Solid Waste Management in Brazil
© Wasteconsult International (5/2015)
Providing good solid waste management (SWM) services continues to be a major challenge in most developing countries. In Brazil, due to lack of organisation and/or financial resources, activities such as collection, transportation, processing, treatment and disposal, which were at the responsibility of municipalities, are being outsourced to private companies, in an attempt to soothe public budget constraints and enhance the quality of the services. However, given the low economic feasibility of the current technologies in Brazil, the country remains a long way from ensuring sustainability in this sector. In this context, the Brazilian Innovation Agency (Finep) has sought to assist companies in promoting innovation in SWM, either by backing low-interest loans or granting economic subvention for the acquisition of goods, services and labour. The results, though still modest, are encouraging.
Municipal Solid Waste Management in Turkey: Status, Challenges and Future Strategies
© Wasteconsult International (5/2015)
As in many developing countries, municipal solid waste (MSW) is one of the major environmental problems in Turkey. Problems associated with MSW are difficult to address, but efforts towards more efficient and environmentally acceptable waste disposal continue in Turkey. Although strict regulations on the management of solid waste are in place, undesirable disposal methods such as open dumping still have been widely applied in Turkey.