Risk versus Hazard – How to Regulate in the 21st Century

In Europe, debate as to whether one should regulate chemicals based on intrinsic hazard or assessment of risk, or possibly a combination of both, has been gaining momentum.

This article first provides a brief history of this risk versus hazard debate. Secondly, it examines how European regulators are currently handling the regulation of two chemical compounds, namely Bisphenol A and Deca BDE (a brominated flame retardant), based on forty-five expert interviews with regulators, policy makers and industry representatives in eight Member States, as well as with European Commission officials. The paper shows that there is no clear consensus as to when risk or hazard considerations should be the basis for regulatory decision-making, with wide discrepancies between Member States (e.g. the UK is overall more risk based than Sweden) and between regulatory agencies within Member States. The penultimate section puts forward a series of recommendations to help regulators and policy makers develop more consistent and science based regulations for Europe.



Copyright: © Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH
Quelle: Issue 02/2011 (Juni 2011)
Seiten: 20
Preis: € 41,65
Autor: Prof. Ragnar Lofstedt

Artikel weiterleiten In den Warenkorb legen Artikel kommentieren


Diese Fachartikel könnten Sie auch interessieren:

Product Liability Risks for the Chemicals Industry – Recent Developments in Europe
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (6/2011)
The present publication is a multi-jurisdictional overview on recent legal developments with regard to product liability risks for companies from the Chemicals industry. This combined effort was undertaken by various members of the Hogan Lovells Global Chemicals Product Liability Industry group. This two-part publication will in its first part focus on recent developments in Germany, the UK, Italy and France. The respective authors are Dr. Sebastian Lach (Germany), Dr. Hannah von Falkenhausen (Germany), Alex Woods (UK), Christian Di Mauro (Italy), Thomas Rouhette and Christelle Coslin (both France). The second part will focus on China and the US. The respective authors of these country parts are Trevor Jefferies, Courtney Colligan (both US) and Eugene Chen (China).

Risk vs Hazard and the Two Souls of EU Risk Regulation: A Reply to Ragnar Lofstedt
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (6/2011)
When called upon to regulate risk, the EU carries the threefold onus to (i) protect its people(s); (ii) ensure the functioning of the internal market; and also (iii) to allocate the resources available wisely and efficiently.

Die Substitution gefährlicher Stoffe im europäischen Recht (Teil 1)
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (10/2005)
Die Substitution gefährlicher Stoffe, also von Stoffen mit einem Risikopotential für Mensch und Umwelt, durch weniger risikoreiche Alternativen hat im Europäischen Recht bisher wenig Beachtung gefunden. Im Ergebnis führt die Ersatzstoffprüfung zu einem oder zu mehreren Ersatzstoffen oder zu einer Technik ohne die Verwendung gefährlicher Stoffe.

Informationsverpflichtungen nach Art. 33 der REACH-Verordnung und mögliche zivilrechtliche Folgen
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (3/2011)
Mit der seit Mitte 2007 nach langjährigen Diskussionen und zähen Verhandlungen in Kraft getretenen REACHVerordnung (EG) Nr. 1907/2006 wurde eine grundlegende Neuregelung der bisherigen Stoffpolitik in Europa eingeleitet. Nach dem Prinzip „no data, no market“ dürfen innerhalb des Europäischen Wirtschaftsraums nur noch chemische Stoffe in Verkehr gebracht werden, die vorher dort registriert worden sind.

The Use of BPA in Baby Bottles: Regulatory Challenges in Dealing with Uncertain Risks
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (3/2011)
Parents of infants have recently been confronted with labels indicating that their purchases of a baby bottle, teethers or sippy cups are now ‘Bisphenol A-free’ (BPA). What does this imply? These labels suggest that the presence of BPA poses a risk of which consumers were most likely unaware.

Name:

Passwort:

 Angemeldet bleiben

Passwort vergessen?

Abfallausstellung
Nur wer die Geschichte kennt,
siegt im ewigen Kampf
gegen den Müll