Bioenergy has received much attention for its potential to meet growing energy demands and mitigate climate change, poverty and the world’s dependence on expensive, diminishing and insecure imported oil supplies. However, with these potential benefits come many potential environmental problems. The benefits, problems and environmental risks associated with bioenergy are most evident in developing countries. These countries also are more vulnerable to food shortages and environmental impacts, including climate change.
Additionaly, international corporations often target developing countries due to their plentiful availability of natural resources, relatively weak administrative oversight and often ill-defined and poorly enforced national laws. Accordingly, an international effort is needed to ensure sustainable bioenergy production in these countries. This article begins by briefly reviewing the nature of bioenergy and its relation to climate change. Next, it considers the benefits and problems associated with bioenergy production and use. Two case studies in developing countries are presented: that of Brazil, where biofuel production has been quite successful, and that of Indonesia, where biofuel production has created serious problems. After discussing the bioenergy context in these two countries, the article addresses the need for bioenergy standards and the difficulties that arise in their implemention, with a focus on the standards being formulated by the Roundtable for Sustainable Biofuels. The correlation between bioenergy and climate change will also be examined, and the article closes with recommendations for the effective implementation of sustainable bioenergy standards in developing countries.
|Copyright:||© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH|
|Quelle:||Issue 01/2010 (Juli 2010)|
|Preis inkl. MwSt.:||€ 41,65|
|Autor:||Richard L. Ottinger |
Steven E. Miller
|Artikel weiterleiten||In den Warenkorb legen||Artikel kommentieren|
The Impact of Energy Sector Reforms on Clean Development Mechanism
Renewable Energy Projects in Kenya
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (12/2010)
As a result of the World Bank heralded reforms of the 1980s and the need to address the cost and availability of electric power in Kenya, the country’s power sector has undergone significant restructuring.
The Role of Renewable Energy in German Climate Change Policy
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (10/2010)
Germany has been a leader in regional and international efforts to address climate change. Renewable energy has assumed a central role in national efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This article analyzes the various policy instruments that have helped Germany become the world’s largest producer of renewable energy, most importantly the Electricity Feed-In Act and Renewable Energy Sources Act.
Voll unter Strom: Bis 2050 Versorgung durch Erneuerbare Energien möglich – vielleicht:
© Deutscher Fachverlag (DFV) (8/2010)
Die Europäische Klimastiftung (ECF) hat eine von McKinsey erstellte Studie zur Stromversorgung der Zukunft veröffentlicht.
Regulating Renewable Energy in the European Union
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (7/2010)
Renewables are a key part of the EU 20-20-20 strategy and the EU energy and climate change policy as a whole. The European Commission adopted its Europe 20-20 strategy for a green, competitive and innovative Europe as the overarching policy framework for the Commission in the decade to come. Energy features prominently at the level of the new headline targets. The Commission is committed to ensure that its ambitious targets are achieved.
The Consistency of the European Union Renewable Energy Directive with World Trade Organization Agreements: The Case of Biofuels
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (7/2010)
This article examines the consistency of the European Union Renewable Energy Directive with World Trade Organization Agreements, focusing on the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994 (GATT) and the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT Agreement). This article reaches two conclusions: (i) the EU Renewable Energy Directive is prima facie inconsistent with the EU’s obligations under the GATT and, (ii) to the extent that the Directive falls within the scope of the TBT Agreement, it is also inconsistent with that agreement.