Mass balance of three municipal solid waste landfilling schemes

The results presented in this paper are issued from ELIA (Environmental Landfill Impact Assessment) research program investigations conducted by the CRPE (Veolia Environmental Services Research Centre) and supported by ADEME (the French Agency for Environment and Energy Management). Three waste landfilling schemes have been evaluated through the construction and follow-up of semi-industrial devices. Mechanical and Biological Treatment (MBT) before landfilling has been compared to the conventional landfill and the concept of bioreactor. 34 months of monitoring led to the establishment of different mass balances (carbon, nitrogen) as well as the estimation of the dry mass losses occurring during the treatment and their repartition between the liquid and gaseous phases

The EU Landfill Directive of April 1999 (99/31/EC) defines the requirements on landfill design and operation and a mandatory stepwise reduction of the biodegradable fraction of Residual Municipal Solid Waste (RMSW) discharged to landfill; the amount of the biodegradable organic matter deposited must be reduced by 25, 50 and 65 % by 2006, 2009 and 2016 respectively on the basis of the quantities generated in 1995. These targets are to be reached on a national basis.



Copyright: © IWWG International Waste Working Group
Quelle: General Session B (Oktober 2007)
Seiten: 11
Preis: € 11,00
Autor: R. Lornage
Estelle Redon
Thomas Lagier

Artikel weiterleiten In den Warenkorb legen Artikel kommentieren


Diese Fachartikel könnten Sie auch interessieren:

Mai-Fest für den Umweltschutz - IFAT 2008 in München
© Deutscher Fachverlag (DFV) (5/2008)
Internationaler und größer - die IFAT 2008. Zur weltweit bedeutendsten Messe für Wasser, Abwasser, Abfall und Recycling werden vom 5. bis 9. Mai in München mehr als 100.000 Besucher erwartet. Für sie gibt es mit rund 2.500 Ausstellern ein noch breiteres Angebot als vor drei Jahren.

Biodegradation process and mass balance of different landfill types using large scale lysimeter – biodegradation process and leachate quality during the initial period
© IWWG International Waste Working Group (10/2007)
The critical aim of this project is to clarify the mass balance of three different types of landfill as Aerobic, Semiaerobic and Anaerobic. In order to recognize the mass balance of landfills, it will be essential to protect the global nature and also the human life from the global warming by landfill gas like methane which can be produced from landfill. Nowadays, one of the most important environmental problems is the global warming which has also attracted the attention at the annual summit meeting of G8 at Heiligendamm in June 2007.

FERMENTATIVE HYDROGEN PRODUCTION FROM MIXTURE OF ORGANIC WASTES AND INCINERATION ASH
© IWWG International Waste Working Group (10/2007)
Japan has been generating municipal solid waste at an annual volume of approximately 50 million tones or more since 1989 (Ministry of the Environment, Japan, 2006). Degradation of garbage is achieved either physicochemically or microbially. Most household solid organic waste is incinerated and its residue, the ash, is disposed into the landfills at present. It is a lack of disposal capacity, however with final disposal site having an average capacity of only another 13.2 years. To solve the problem it is necessary to implement the waste recycling measures, taking into account the reduction of waste, reuse and prolongation of the life of products and parts, the recycling of waste, and the appropriate disposal as the final waste.

Auf dem Weg zur Norm Premium
© Rhombos Verlag (1/2006)
Die Entwicklung einer Standardmethode zur Bestimmung des biogenen Anteils in Ersatzbrennstoffen macht Fortschritte

Biomass Wastes-to-Energy in China – Biogas from Landfills or Anaerobic Digestion Plants?
© Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben (11/2010)
The National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) in China has acknowledged that till 2050 up to one third of three billion tons of coal per year could be replaced by biomass energy in China. Renewable Energy from biomass waste is one of the pillars in China’s long term power supply strategy, targeting 15% renewable energy generation or about 600 GW in 2020. Landfill gas, including biogas from waste water treatment plants and from agriculture biogas plants are seen as the main sources (NDRC 2007).

Name:

Passwort:

 Angemeldet bleiben

Passwort vergessen?

SCHNELL Motoren AG
Erneuerbaren Energien gehört die
Zukunft: Blockheizkraftwerke
für Energie aus Biomasse